BY JEREMY MALCOLM EFF
Today ICANN’s GNSO Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Working Group is discussing the comments that EFF and thousands of others made in response to proposals to clamp down on the availability of privacy proxy services by domain registrants. Those plans could have prevented registrants from using such services to shield their personal information from public view—but the news from the Working Group session on that count is relatively good. It seems that the Working Group will accept that privacy services should remain generally available, including by those who use their domain names commercially. But meanwhile, literally on the same day, the United States is in the middle of a closed-door meeting in Paris that will contradict everything that the ICANN community has painstakingly agreed. At this week’s meeting of the Committee on Consumer Policy of the of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, a club of developed countries), the United States is pushing through language for a new revision of the OECD E-commerce Recommendation that would require domain name registration information to be made publicly available for websites that are promoting or engaged in commercial transactions with consumers.
To ensure that the eventual proposal is community-driven and enjoys broad support, ICANN is committed to collecting and incorporating input and feedback from the global stakeholder community. Input and feedback can be sent at any time by posting on the firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list (archives).
Opportunity for public dialogue and community feedback
Posted 8 April, 2014
Deadline 8 May, 2014 (midnight UTC)
Feedback should be submitted via the publicly archived mailing list email@example.com
On March 14, 2014 the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced its intent to transition key Internet domain name functions to the global multistakeholder community. NTIA asked ICANN, as the IANA functions contractor and the global coordinator for the DNS, to convene a multistakeholder process to develop a proposal for the transition. While looking to stakeholders and those most directly served by the IANA functions to work through the technical details, NTIA established a clear framework to guide the discussion and communicated to ICANN that the transition proposal must have broad community support and address the following four principles:
Support and enhance the multistakeholder model;
Maintain the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet DNS;
Meet the needs and expectation of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; and,
Maintain the openness of the Internet.
NETmundial Executive Secretariat consolidated 1.370 comments received, between April 15th and 21st, in one single report that now is available for public consultation. The total of these remarks were shared in Introduction (40), Principles (832) and Roapmap (498). During seven days, commenters were invited to provide their name, their preferred email address and the sector to which they thought they belonged to in the capacity of commenting. NETmundial used no validation system to verify the identity of the commenter. This report and, most importantly, the comments themselves, should be read in light of this information.
The United States will give up its role overseeing the system of Web addresses and domain names that form the basic plumbing of the Internet, turning it over in 2015 to an international group whose structure and administration will be determined over the next year, government officials said on Friday.
Since the dawn of the Internet, the United States has been responsible for assigning the numbers that form Internet addresses, the .com, .gov and .org labels that correspond to those numbers, and for the vast database that links the two and makes sure Internet traffic goes to the right place. The function has been subcontracted since 1998 to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, or Icann, an international nonprofit organization, with the expectation that the United States would eventually step back from its role. But that transition has taken on a new urgency in the last year because of revelations that the United States intelligence community, particularly the National Security Agency, has been intercepting Internet traffic as part of its global spying efforts. While other countries have called for the United States to turn over the keys to the system, many businesses around the world, dependent on the smooth functioning of the Internet for their livelihood, have expressed concern about what form the new organization will take.
By Kathy BrownInternet Society Dear Colleagues, Last week the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce announced that it has asked ICANN to convene global stakeholders to develop a plan for transitioning the current role played by NTIA in coordination of shared Internet resources through the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). In many ways, the U.S. Government has been preparing for—and the Internet community has been working towards—this moment since 1998, when ICANN was established and was awarded the first IANA contract. The US Government has played an important role in guaranteeing the security and stability of the Internet, and we believe the criteria set out by the NTIA for the transition plan provide an important framework for the work ahead: + Support and enhance the multistakeholder model + Maintain the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet DNS; + Meet the needs and expectation of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; and, + Maintain the openness of the Internet. The Internet Society was recognized as one of the key Internet organizations by the NTIA statement. The Internet Society has consistently advocated for the US Government to complete the transition of its stewardship role to the global multistakeholder community.
By JESSICA MEYERS and ERIN MERSHONPolitico The Obama administration’s decision to relinquish oversight over the group that manages the Internet’s architecture has raised an early red flag with Republicans, who blast the move as a threat to free speech. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers has managed the Web’s domain-name system under contract with the U.S. government for more than a decade — but the Los Angeles-based nonprofit has worked to transform itself into a global organization free of U.S. ties. European Union officials backed the globalization effort, which intensified with Edward Snowden’s leaks about the NSA’s sprawling surveillance programs. The United States has always played a leading role in overseeing the management of .com and other domain names, but the administration announced Friday night that it will give up its oversight when the current contract expires in fall 2015. The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, last month proposed establishing “a clear timeline” for globalizing ICANN and the duties it performs under the U.S. contract. Exactly who would regulate the Web’s back-end is unclear, but the decision already has sparked backlash among some in the GOP, who warn it could allow the United Nations or authoritarian countries to step in and seize control of the Web.
By Mikael RicknäsNetwork World Security and how to protect users from pervasive monitoring will dominate the proceedings when members of Internet Engineering Task Force meet in London starting Sunday. For an organization that develops the standards we all depend on for the Internet to work, the continued revelations made by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden have had wide-ranging repercussions. “It wasn’t a surprise that some activities like this are going on. I think that the scale and some of the tactics surprised the community a little bit. …
European CommissionPress Release In the wake of large-scale Internet surveillance and reduced trust in the internet, the European Commission today proposes a key reform to the way the Internet is managed and run. The proposal calls for more transparent, accountable and inclusive governance. Commission Vice-President Neelie Kroes said: “The next two years will be critical in redrawing the global map of Internet governance. Europe must contribute to a credible way forward for global internet governance. Europe must play a strong role in defining what the net of the future looks like.” The Commission is committed to an internet that continues to serve fundamental freedoms and human rights, Kroes noted: “Our fundamental freedoms and human rights are not negotiable.
by Loek EssersPC World A domain name registrar can be held liable for the copyright infringements of a website it registered if it is obvious the domain is used for infringements and the registrar does nothing to prevent it, the Regional Court of Saarbrücken in Germany has ruled. The court ruled in a case between Universal Music and Key-Systems, the German registrar of the domain name for h33t.com, a torrent tracker site. Universal had wanted to prevent unauthorized distribution of Robin Thicke’s album Blurred Lines, said Volker Greimann, Key-Systems’ general counsel, in an email. While Key-Systems argued that it was not responsible for the copyright infringement, the court ruled that the registrar had a duty to investigate after notification of infringing activity and had to take corrective action in case of obvious violations, Greimann said. “The courts’ definition of what is obviously violating is however extremely broad and the duty to act is expanded to deactivation of the entire domain even if only one file or link is infringing,” he said.
As we put 2013 behind us and welcome 2014, it seems appropriate to pause and consider what it is that we want to see in the coming years. When I think five years out, and what I’d like to see for the Internet, four things come to mind:
1. One global Internetwork
It seems trivial to say – the Internet *is* global, and it is certainly one of a kind! But, there are still billions of people on this planet who have yet to experience it, and already there are many forces at work that could undermine its global nature. In 2019, to have a global Internet, we need one set of addresses. There aren’t enough IPv4 addresses to make that work – I want to see the Internet based on IPv6, not increasingly complex network address translation (NAT). And not a world of balkanized networks, communicating through limited connection points (in/egresses, translation boxes). IPv6 deployment has made great strides in the past 12 months, but there’s still a long way to go before we can be confident that the net will not consist of a bunch of islands of IPv4 and IPv6 connected by translators.
The Internet Society [Bali, Indonesia] — The Internet Society announced today that it will sponsor 20 young professionals to attend the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Bali, Indonesia, on 22-25 October 2013. The IGF is a multistakeholder forum for policy dialogue on Internet governance issues, and brings together intergovernmental organizations, civil society, the private sector, and the technical and academic community. This year’s IGF theme is “Building Bridges: Enhancing Multistakeholder Cooperation for Growth and Sustainable Development.” The Internet Society’s IGF Ambassadors Programme is designed to foster participation in multistakeholder processes for a healthy and sustainable Internet ecosystem. Next generation Internet leaders have the opportunity to participate in IGF meetings and lend their unique local and regional experiences to the discussions. First-time Ambassadors are paired with a mentor to help them prepare for the meeting, as well as to serve as an onsite contact. Following IGF, the Ambassadors return to their own communities and apply and share their IGF experiences. “We are proud of these 20 Ambassadors who will represent the Internet Society at IGF,” said Toral Cowieson, Senior Director of Internet Leadership for the Internet Society. “Identified from an applicant pool of more than 200 highly qualified individuals, the 2013 Ambassadors will provide important regional perspectives to the dialogue on advancing the open and multistakeholder governance process. In addition, they will gain new insights and connections to enhance their work at other local, regional, and international meetings.”